23 Dec 2023: A new study from the University of East Anglia reveals why some ‘eco goods’ may fare better than others as a UK recession looms.
A new study, published shows that when money gets tight, people are more likely to keep up more expensive ethical purchases like buying fair trade products.
The study is one of the first to look at ethical purchases using actual market data from a major UK supermarket chain.
Lead researcher Dr Jibonayan Raychaudhuri, from UEA’s School of Economics, said: “As a possible UK recession looms closer, we wanted to better understand how people’s spending might change – especially when it comes to purchasing ethical products – like fair trade coffee or ‘dolphin-friendly’ tuna.”
The team studied the impact of the economic recession of 2008 on consumer expenditure of eco-labelled food products.
They used UK supermarket loyalty card data and showed that the recession had widely different effects on the spend share of different types of eco-labelled groceries.
Dr Raychaudhuri said: “We found that the amount shoppers spent on organic products declined but the amount they spent on fair trade products increased over the same period.
“It’s really interesting that the consumption of some eco-labelled goods – namely fair trade products – held up during the recession.
“It’s really surprising because we expected that consumers would change their spending during an economic downturn, with the sales share of all eco-labelled products falling – as they tend to be more expensive.
“We think that in a recession some consumers become relatively less price sensitive and instead focus more on the public good qualities of products. These public good attributes, therefore, become more salient or important for consumers.
“Alternatively, shoppers may be fuelled by moral motivations, and those that regard themselves as socially responsible will want to maintain that identity.
“Although we studied data from 2008, we would expect to see similar results today as inflation increases and real wages erode.
“What this means for shop and brand managers is that labelling products clearly for their corporate social responsibility credentials could help maintain sales.
“The good news is that, recently, we have seen pay packets stage a mini-recovery, and so this will perhaps further alleviate the fall in eco-labelled consumption expenditure,” he added.
This research was led by the University of East Anglia in collaboration with Prof Ada Wossink from the University of Manchester.
‘Ecolabels and The Economic Recession’ is published in the journal PLOS ONE.